how does a plugin get active in wordpress

I am trying to understand the mechanism that wordpress active a plugin for now i find the register_activation_hook in wp-includes/plugin.php

{
function register_activation_hook($file, $function) {
$file = plugin_basename($file);
add_action(‘activate_’ . $file, $function);
}

and activate_plugin in wp-admin/includes/plugin.php

function activate_plugin( $plugin, $redirect = ”, $network_wide = false, $silent = false ) {
$plugin = plugin_basename( trim( $plugin ) );

if ( is_multisite() && ( $network_wide || is_network_only_plugin($plugin) ) ) {
$network_wide = true;
$current = get_site_option( ‘active_sitewide_plugins’, array() );
$_GET[‘networkwide’] = 1; // Back compat for plugins looking for this value.
} else {
$current = get_option( ‘active_plugins’, array() );
}

$valid = validate_plugin($plugin);
if ( is_wp_error($valid) )
return $valid;

if ( ( $network_wide && ! isset( $current[ $plugin ] ) ) || ( ! $network_wide && ! in_array( $plugin, $current ) ) ) {
if ( !empty($redirect) )
wp_redirect(add_query_arg(‘_error_nonce’, wp_create_nonce(‘plugin-activation-error_’ . $plugin), $redirect)); // we’ll override this later if the plugin can be included without fatal error
ob_start();
wp_register_plugin_realpath( WP_PLUGIN_DIR . ‘/’ . $plugin );
$_wp_plugin_file = $plugin;
include_once( WP_PLUGIN_DIR . ‘/’ . $plugin );
$plugin = $_wp_plugin_file; // Avoid stomping of the $plugin variable in a plugin.

if ( ! $silent ) {
/**
* Fires before a plugin is activated.
*
* If a plugin is silently activated (such as during an update),
* this hook does not fire.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param string $plugin Path to the main plugin file from plugins directory.
* @param bool $network_wide Whether to enable the plugin for all sites in the network
* or just the current site. Multisite only. Default is false.
*/
do_action( ‘activate_plugin’, $plugin, $network_wide );

/**
* Fires as a specific plugin is being activated.
*
* This hook is the “activation” hook used internally by register_activation_hook().
* The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$plugin`, refers to the plugin basename.
*
* If a plugin is silently activated (such as during an update), this hook does not fire.
*
* @since 2.0.0
*
* @param bool $network_wide Whether to enable the plugin for all sites in the network
* or just the current site. Multisite only. Default is false.
*/
do_action( “activate_{$plugin}”, $network_wide );
}

if ( $network_wide ) {
$current = get_site_option( ‘active_sitewide_plugins’, array() );
$current[$plugin] = time();
update_site_option( ‘active_sitewide_plugins’, $current );
} else {
$current = get_option( ‘active_plugins’, array() );
$current[] = $plugin;
sort($current);
update_option(‘active_plugins’, $current);
}

if ( ! $silent ) {
/**
* Fires after a plugin has been activated.
*
* If a plugin is silently activated (such as during an update),
* this hook does not fire.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param string $plugin Path to the main plugin file from plugins directory.
* @param bool $network_wide Whether to enable the plugin for all sites in the network
* or just the current site. Multisite only. Default is false.
*/
do_action( ‘activated_plugin’, $plugin, $network_wide );
}

if ( ob_get_length() > 0 ) {
$output = ob_get_clean();
return new WP_Error(‘unexpected_output’, __(‘The plugin generated unexpected output.’), $output);
}
ob_end_clean();
}

return null;
}

And i sense first the plugin is activated through the activate_plugin And when the plugin is activated successfully then the register_activation_hook would be performed. If it is like the way i said how does plugin now it is activated to run the register_activation_hook ? Or if I am wrong i would thank you guys to help me to figure out the mechanism.

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